Chapter 2: Complex medical situations


A seizure is the result of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. A patient may be at risk for a seizure for a number of reasons, including:

  • A primary brain tumour.

  • Spread of cancer to the brain (metastasis).

  • Metabolic causes.

  • Blood abnormalities.

Seizures have a range of physical presentations and may present with varying levels of intensity, including:

  • Physical convulsions.

  • A blank stare.

  • Focal limb stiffness or twitching.

  • Changes in consciousness.